ENCYCLOPEDIA of THREE-POINT SHOOTING. SITUATIONS & SCENARIOS.

HOW/WHERE/WHEN AND WHAT SITUATIONS MAKES IT POSSIBLE TO ATTEMPT HIGH-PERCENT THREE-POINT SHOT?

Teams shoot more three-pointers as ever before… I don’t know if it is good for the game or not but fact is… BEST (or the most shooting with high %) THREE-POINT SHOOTING TEAMS = BEST TEAMS.

Three point leaders HOU

 

SITUATIONS & SCENARIOS:

  1. 1VS1
  2. FAST BREAK/TRANSITION OFFENSE
  3. BALL MOVEMENT
  4. FEED THE POST
  5. DRIBBLE PENETRATION + CUT
  6. SCREENS (ON-BALL & OFF-BALL)
  7. OFFENSIVE REBOUND + OTHER SITUATIONS (non-predictable).

1 VS 1 

Players ability to create his own three-point shot and make it is the key of success. Great example – James HARDEN and his step-back.

1vs1 principi

 

1vs1

FAST BREAK / TRANSITION OFFENSE

(+ other situations when defense is outnumbered. For example offense vs full-court pressure defenses/traps)

  •  Fast break (2vs1, 3vs2… 5vs4). Pass ahead – spot up (+extra pass);
  • Transition 5vs5. Defense not set = spot-up/stretch defense. Big’s put pressure on defense (rim-to-rim or pick-and-roll). Hand-off. Trailing big.
  • Vs full-court press/full-court zone press + trap = ball movement = open three-pointer.

Fast break (3vs2)fast break principi3

Transition (5vs5)
transition 3p principi

Vs full-court pressure defenses

trap non-standart principi

Vs traps (4vs3+ball movement)

extended defense 3 principi

 

#1. Transition. 2 vs 1 situation.

4 vs 1 situation.

 

#2. Transition. Defense not set.

 

#3 Transition. Pass to trailing big.

 

#4. Transition. Pick-and-roll in transition. “Drag”.

 

#5. Trap. Nearest man traps. 

 

BALL MOVEMENT

  • Perimeter-to-perimeter pass. Ball movement or initial action (PNR/Drive/Post feed or other) + ball movement. 2) Hand-off.
  • Big to Point guard on perimeter (Pass, Hand-off) often followed by PNR action.

ball movement 3 principi

Ball movement

 

FEED THE POST (Low post/High post)

Low post/High post. 1vs1 or double team? Where help comes from? 1st pass+extra.

post feed principi

 

#1. Low post. 1vs1 (dribble)

Low post (no dribble) + passer relocates.

 

#2. Ball in the post (low post/high post) + weak-side action (+strong side also)

 

#3. Post Double-team (Weakest player, passer, lowest defender or top defender). Dominant low post player or size mismatch.

 

DRIBBLE PENETRATION or CUTTING to the basket

Being threat to score near the basket opens up three point shooters on the perimeter.

  • Dribble penetration (middle drive/baseline drive, dynamic/static 1vs1, size mismatch);
  • Different type of cuts to the basket (backdoor, short roll and others)

 

Dribble penetrationDribble penetration 3 principi

 

Cutting to the basket (backdoor) + pass to open playercut3 principi

 

Roll or short roll to the basket after setting the screen + pass to open playerPNR roll principi

#1. Dribble penetration (baseline/middle. Size mismatch)

Size mismatch. Drive-kick.

 

SCREENS – ON-BALL SCREENS (+hand-off) / OFF-BALL SCREENS

ON-BALL SCREENS: 1) Ball handler creates shot for himself; 2) for screener; 3) for others who are not directly involved in pick-and-roll.

PNR 3 principi

 

1. Ball-Handler creates shot for himself: 1) Switch; 2) Flat; 3) Show&Recover; 4) Under; 5) Ice; 6) “Bingo” (Goes opposite); 7) Shot before the screen is set; 8) Hand-off.

#1. Pick-and-Roll. Switch

 

#2. Pick-and-Roll. Flat.

 

#3. Pick-and-Roll. Show&Recover.

 

#4. Pick-and-Roll. Under.

 

#5. Pick-and-Roll, “ICE” .

 

#6. Pick-and-Roll. Bingo (goes opposite).

 

#7. Pick-and-Roll. Shot before the screen is set.

 

#8 Hand-off.

 

2. Ball-Handler creates shot for screener (+screener creates shot for others): 1) screener pops (pick-and-pop); 2) screener rolls (short roll) + pass to open teammate for three-point shot.

#1. Pick-and-pop vs Flat.

Pick-and-roll (short roll) vs Flat + pass to perimeter.

 

#2. Pick-and-pop vs ICE

 

#3. Pick-and-pop or pick-and-roll (short roll) vs Trap/Show&recover.

Pick-and-pop + drive-kick/ball movement vs Trap.

Pick-and-Roll (short roll) + ball movement vs Trap and Show & recover.

 

3. Ball-handler creates shot for teammates who aren’t directly involved in Pick-and-Roll: whatever PNR coverage, rolling big man adds pressure to defense and it can create open three-pointers for teammates. Very important is Ball-handler’s ability to pass effectively and high basketball IQ + of course ability to shoot behind the screen and off the dribble = key!

Ball handler = Pick-and-roll read + pass to perimeter player = shot/ball movement + shot.

pick and roll ball handler principles

 

 

OFF-BALL SCREENS: 1) Player who receives screen shoots (straight, curl or fade); 2) Screener pops and shoot.

off-ball screens 3 principi

Types of off-ball screens: 1) Downscreen (straight/curl/fade); 2) Backscreen (set the backscreen to get open); 3) Diagonal screen; 4) Flare screen; 5) Staggered screen; 6) Elevator screen.

#1. Off-Ball screens. Downscreen.

 

#2. Off-Ball screens. Backscreen.

 

#3. Off-Ball screens. Diagonal screen.

 

#4. Off-Ball screens. Flare screen.

 

#5. Off-Ball screens. Staggered screen.

Staggered screen (Single/Double).

 

#6. Off-Ball screens. Elevator screen.

 

OFFENSIVE REBOUND AND OTHER SITUATIONS (predictable/non-predictable)

  • Offensive rebound + pass to three-point shooter is hard to predict and defend (except doing better job on boxing out).
  • Other situations can be three-point shot created by opponent’s turnover like bad outlet pass or lost ball in back-court.

off rebound principi

 

#1. Offensive rebound. 

 

#2. Other situations (non-predictable).

Thanks for reading and watching 🙂 Kristians@abouthegame.com

JAMES HARDEN: HOW HE SCORED CAREER-HIGH 56 PTS VS. JAZZ!?

“I mean, I was just shooting, I don’t really know,” Harden said. “I don’t pay too much attention to it.”

harden stats

James Harden had offensive rating 160 that makes his performance against Utah Jazz one of the most impressive offensive performances in history of NBA. (True Shooting % – 92.5%!)

As lot of NBA fans know Houston Rockets is known as the team who is leading NBA in 3-point attempts per game (44.5 per game) and has one of the best offenses in NBA – Offensive rating 110.8 (4th).

3-Point Attempt Rate % – 53.4% (3-points shots of total shots) is far ahead of other teams in league.  If Harden and other shooters like Gordon, Ariza, Anderson and Tucker has great shooting night, they can easily reach 120+ in the game.

Despite before the game against Rockets Utah Jazz was the “slowest” team (Pace: 97.52) and 3rd best defense only allowed 98.6 points per 100 possessions + the best in Paint Defense (before the game with Houston) it didn’t stop The Beard to get lot of easy buckets, especially lay-ups.

 

HOW JAMES HARDEN SCORED HIS 56 POINTS?

 

harden-shot-chart

 

Total 56 = three-points 21, midrange 8, lay-ups 16, free-throws 11.

Total 56 = Inside Paint 33 (almost Utah average allowed per game, that was the leagues high!), Outside Paint 23.

Overall Houston Rockets do not play complicated offense, Harden usually initiates offense by playing 1vs1, PNR or passing to teammate to the wing or coming off the screen. The most of time there are 3 great shooters on the floor (+ him) waiting outside behind three-point line and Capela or Nene who are setting screens and waiting for alley-oop or boumce pass after perimeter players drive to the basket.

18 of 56 (including free-throws) points were scored of Pick-and-Roll situations + Harden also dished out 13 assists, accounting for 91 of Houston’s 137 points.

Utah Jazz PNR defense definitely wasn’t the best defending player who scored 56 points.

 

HIGH PICK AND ROLL defense on Harden

  1.  FLAT (most of the time trying to force Harden away from the screen if possible, not every time to weak hand).

harden PNR defense 2

Harden PNR defense

Having tall and not that quick screener’s defender Gobert, it’s not good option to “hard hedge”, especially knowing Harden’s ability to find open team-mates. Gobert having very tall hands also can give little bit more ground while on-ball should play aggressive on-ball defense.

When Favors or Udoh are much quicker so they can play higher and be more active but most of the time Nene or Capela rolled very quickly to the basket and all was left for Harden to find an open teammate.

Also Rockets big guys Nene and Capela are not big threat from outside. Sometimes the screener was Ariza.

Having great 3-point shooting night (scored his first 7 3-pointers) is the key of being effective while playing pick-and-roll!

Harden’s response most of the time: easy lay-up or floater! He used to attack by changing the direction in the gap what was left by X5 “snake” the screen or also “shielding” his defender.

 

Harden PNR off

 

2. SWITCH. Every time Favors, Udoh or Gobert was left 1vs1 against Harden there was step-back three, drive to the basket and 2 points, foul or drive-kick… Bad option this time…

 

SIDE PICK AND ROLL defense on Harden

  1. ICE (not letting ball handler to the middle)
  2. TRAP (2 players on the ball).

 

1 VS 1

JAMES HARDEN probably is one of the best if not the best 1vs1 player in the world. His ability to create his own shot is amazing.

20 of 56 (including free-throws after 1vs1 situations) points were scored in 1vs1 situations. Switch after PNR, switch in transition, or simply playing 1vs1 against his defender.

Few times he scored just simply dribbling from coast-to-coast…

Harden 1vs1

 

Since Harden is left handed he asked to 5 to go to another side of the court so he can have more room if he decides to attack to left.

JAMES HARDEN loves to use:

DRIBBLE BETWEEN the LEGS + CROSSOVER … CROSS OVER + STEP BACK ;

DRIBBLE BETWEEN the LEGS + CROSSOVER (fast) + DRIBBLE BETWEEN the LEGS + CROSSOVER (slow) + STEP-BACK (fast).

CROSSOVER + DRIBBLE BETWEEN the LEGS + CROSSOVER + STEP-BACK.

Fast-slow, slow-fast, stop-fast, fast-stop… change of pace and instinct is his strength!

 

OTHER SITUATIONS

4 of 56 points off opponents turnovers, 2vs1.

2 of 56 points post-up

8 of 56 assisted. Since he tends to have the ball in his hands most of the time and create opportunities for himself or team-mates, he doesn’t score too many points after being assisted.

8 off the catch, 37 off the dribble.

Houston offense this game was simple but effective – “give the ball to James Harden”. One of few set-plays of this game:

utah houst 1

HOUSTON UTAH

 

 

CONCLUSION

  • HARDEN IS THE ONE OF THE MOST TALENTED OFFENSIVE PLAYERS NOWADAYS IN THE GAME.  His ability to create his own shot allows to play more simple offense.
  • He can score from anywhere on the court
  • Knows where’s his team-mates.
  • Great ability to change the pace.
  • Knows how to show referee if he is fouled 🙂
  • High basketball IQ
  • If he has good outside shooting day he can be almost impossible to guard without help of other defenders.
  • Puts lot of pressure in transition to defenders.

utah hous

 

If he has great shooting night…. the most effective offense is just to give the ball to HARDEN ! 🙂

KRISTIANS @ abouthegame.com

 

 

 

 

 

 

VALENCIA B.C. OFFENSIVE STYLE OF PLAY. SPANISH ACB 2016./17. CHAMPIONS TO WIN EUROLEAGUE?

 

Hello! Before all eyes on NBA in this blog I will analyze Spanish ACB champions Valencia offense. The question: if Spanish ACB is considered to be the best domestic league in Europe, how realistic is for the last year title winners to win the best club competition in European basketball – EUROLEAGUE?

The last year was very successful for club :

  • ACB  – 1st;
  • Copa del Rey – 2nd;
  • Eurocup – 2nd.

This year also started very well by winning the Supercopa  83:78 vs Unicaja and 69:63 vs Gran Canaria) and ACB 3-0 after 3 games.

Right before the start of Euroleague predictions are that Taronjas (Oranges) will finish around 9th – 11th place not making play-offs (total 16 teams, 8 play-offs).

ACB league – 3th-4th while FC Barcelona and Real Madrid considered as huge favourites.

 

BC VALENCIA 2016./17.

  • Played GREAT AT HOME: ACB regular season 14-2, Play-Offs 6-0.
  • PPG 82.5 (5th in ACB reg. season), 74.9 PPGA allowed (SECOND BEST DEFENSE PPGA in ACB)
  • Less shots but high % made :  60.0 FGA (15th), 23.3 3PA (14th). FG% 47.9 (2nd), 3P% (37.3 2nd).  GREAT SHOT SELECTION.
  • 2016./17 ACB PLAY-OFFS 3P% 40.0%!
  • 3rd FEWEST TURNOVERS per game – 12.7.
  • LEAST PF (personal fouls) per game – 18.9.
  • During 2016./17. ACB regular season player who played the most was 33 years old SAN EMETERIO – only 22 minutes per game!
  • During 2016./17. ACB regular season player who took the most shots per game was DUBLJEVIC – only 9.0 shots per game! He also was the team’s leading scorer 12.9 PPG.

 

BC VALENCIA 2017./18.

  As the well known saying says: “winners do not change their roster!”

  Valencia Basket was able to keep their main players from last season + added few really important players to their roster.

Although this season Oranges have new head coach – 51 years old TXUS VIDORETTA who last 2 seasons was ACB team Tenerife head coach and also assistant coach for SPAIN NT. Vidoretta’s team last season allowed opponents to score least PPG in ACB – 71.3 (Best defense in ACB?)

 

valencia

3 Spain NT players (Sastre, Vives and San Emeterio + former player Rafa Martinez), 1 France NT (Diot), 1 Montenegro NT (Dubljevic), 1 Belgium NT (Van-Rossom) and former German and Canadian National team players – Pleiss and Doornekamp.

 

  • EXPERIENCE: San Emeterio (33), Rafa Martinez (35), Will Thomas (31), Romain Sato (?) (36), Aaron Doornekamp (31), Sam Van-Rossom (31), Antoine Diot (28), Pleiss (27) + very talented younger players Green (26), Sastre and Dubljevic (25), Vives (24).

One of the most experienced team in ACB this season.

+ Patience. Shot selection. High basketball IQ.

Injuries (Diot, Williams, San Emeterio haven’t played yet in ACB this season). Recovery (Euroleague and ACB are 2 tough leagues to participate).

 

  • SIZE: Height of 6-7 usual starting 5 players: 1.92m, 1.90m, 1.93m, 2.01m, 2.03m, 1.99m, 2.05m… Only one player on team is taller than 2.05m (except 19 years old C from Iceland Hlinason who are not ready for ACB level yet) – PLEISS 2.17m. Also new signed USA player Williams is “only” 2.03m tall.

Since Valencia Basket is not the fastest and not among the best rebounding teams in ACB and EUROLEAGUE there could be problems during the season against teams who has tall and agile C and PF in their roster, especially in Euroleague.

 

  OFFENSE –  STYLE OF PLAY

 

  • PACE: MEDIUM, MEDIUM-FAST
  • PATIENCE + GREAT SHOT SELECTION + LOW TURNOVER NUMBERS = KEY TO SUCCESS.
  • If NO TRANSITION PNR or QUICK POST-UP = SET PLAYS.
  • OFFENSE overall are not too complicated. 2-3 off ball screens to PNR or POST UP. If there is no opportunity to score immediately of PNR or POST-UP, team plays very smart and makes good decisions. Players has some kind of freedom for decision making.
  • GOOD BALANCE of INSIDE-OUT basketball where the main figure is DUBLJEVIC, he is great decision maker and passer out of low post area.
  • No complicated set plays for shooters, usually they are looking for dynamic PNR or POST-UP. Lot of teams there are wide open 3-point shots after passes of low post and great BALL MOVEMENT.
  • Very talented American SG ERICK GREEN is both great 1vs1 and team player, coach Vidoretta gives him lot of credit.
  • Lot of cross-screen action for DUBLJEVIC.
  • On my opinion the key is to GREEN and DUBLJEVIC to play their best game for Valencia to be successful although they play TEAM BASKETBALL and strength is their deep roster.
  • Offensively I think THOMAS is not the most effective player because of lack of his size playing in PF position and 3-point shooting ability. Of course we do not talk about aggressiveness and defence where he is one of the best in his team.

 

TRANSITION PLAYS

Pick-and-roll in transition plays 90% of teams so also Valencia, if Dubljevic sets the pick he also has an option to pop for 3-point shot. It can really put pressure on defense.

VAL TRANSITION dubl pnr

This play can be lot of times was played in transition without stopping but also can be played as set play.

TRANSition 1

In case defense don’t allow to curl after the screen, 3 has also option to go to wing and cut to the basket afterwards.

TRANSition2

TRANSition3

Since Oranges has lot players playing for SG or SF who can effectively post up, 4 has option to pass into the low post for 2 or to 3 who received screen from 5. After that they play PNR.

TRANSition4

 

VARIATIONS OF DIAMOND OFFENSIVE ALIGNMENT

  Valencia start their offense of this offensive alignment very often in first games of this season (I have a chance to watch 4 of them). Most of the time they focus on giving the ball to Dubljevic into the low post. Sometimes of course as every offense nowadays they want to play pick-and-roll after cutter receives ball on the perimeter

DIAM to DUB1

DIAM to DUB2

In this play 2 fakes the back-screen to 5 (Dubljevic) and continues to cut to the wing afterwards. Again, first option after catching the ball is get the ball into the low post.

DIAMOND fake backscreen 2

DIAMOND fake backscreen part 1

Same alignment, same idea. Little bit different type of play.

DIAMOND opcija1

DIAMOND opcija1.2

VAL GRAN CANARIA

 

Play for side pick-and-roll. Since 3 sets a pick for 5 before PNR , X5 is hard to hedge in case it is their defensive strategy.

DIAMOND 1

DIAMOND 1 part2

 

OTHER SET PLAYS

Overall offense is not complicated, lot of pick-and-roll, back-screens and cross-screens. Most of the time there is 2-3 screens and after it comes dynamic PNR.

Since coach Vidoretta was assistant coach for Scariolo in European championship this summer, I can see his team playing 1 similar set play with team Latvia and Slovenia played in this European championship.

1.

HO to PNR

HO to PNR 2

2.

LV VALENCIA

3. STAG. + PNR

STAGERS to PNR

STAGERS to PNR2

4. HORNS to PNR

HORNS quick PNR

HORNS quick PNR 2

5. DOWNSCREEN + PNR

DOWN TO PNR1

DOWN TO PNR2

 

SIDELINE OUT OF BOUNDS PLAY

SOB 1

SOB 2

SOB 3

 

 SPANISH ACB CHAMPIONS TO WIN EUROLEAGUE ?

 

Since Spanish ACB is considered the best league in Europe, it does not mean that champions of this league is the best team in Europe. ACB is probably the most competitive league where all the teams has solid roster, there is no easy games in this league.

Valencia to qualify for PLAY-OFFS (8 of 16) – I THINK… YES

Valencia to qualify for TOP 4 (4 of 16) – Maybeeee… (season is long, there are ups and downs, injuries).

VALENCIA TO WIN EUROLEAGUE ? It is not impossible, but I do not believe it.. Also smart people predict VALENCIA TO WIN EUROLEAGUE 35-to-1.. (less than 3%).

Thanks for reading! Good luck Taronjas in season’s first game tonight vs Khimki (Russia)!

Kristians Broks @ abouthegame.com

 

 

GORAN DRAGIČ – SLOVENIAN DRAGON

Hello! This time I will take a closer look at the game of so far the most impressive PG in European championship – GORAN DRAGIČ. What makes unstoppable in Eurobasket 2017?

Only 2 teams finished group stage without losses (5-0) – Spain and Slovenia. If Spain had a relatively easy group stage and they have overall very talented roster, then Slovenia team’s strength mainly depended on Dragič, Dončič and Vidmar, especially on first one.

TEAM SLOVENIA

  • Slovenia plays fast paced basketball, 3rd place in points scored per game – 89.2 among 24 teams.
  • One of the leaders for fast break points scored and their strength is fast transition from defence to offence. Even after made baskets they almost never walk the ball up the court, especially in the beginning of the game.
  • Plays lot of quick set plays which most of the time ends up with Dragič playing middle pick-and-roll (usually with Vidmar or Dončič/Vidmar).
  • Rarely pass the ball in low post with intention for big man play 1vs1 if there is no size mismatch.
  • Great coach Igor Kokoškov (the first non-American assistant coach to win an NBA championship)  who has been coaching in highest levels of basketball (assistant coach for various NBA teams).

GORAN DRAGIČ OFFENSIVE GAME / STYLE

G. Dragič after group stage is the 1st for PPG (24.4) only in 28.5 minutes.  It is not a surprising to see MIAMI HEAT (NBA) point guard to being that great scorer in European championship if he is capable to score 20.3 PPG in NBA (40.5% 3-point).

dragic

NBA DRAG overall

He is very important player both for MIAMI HEAT and SLOVENIA, team success very often depends on his performance.  Dragič stats shows that almost every position is higher when HEAT wins and vice versa. +/- +6.9 games won, +/- -6.3 games lost…. He has also the highest +/- after group stage in Slovenian team +13.4.

Winlosses DRGIC

  • Similarities with Steve Nash style of play, high IQ player.
  • Great for fast paced game (fast break, transition). Both passing and scoring!
  • Left-handed.
  • Dragič has lot of weapons offensively – 3-point shot, mid-range game, paint, great finisher near the rim especially for his size.

metieni vieta DRAGIC

Only shots made % of from mid-range and right corner 3-point shot is slightly below 40%.

RESTRICTED AREA: 332 shots (60.8% made),

IN THE PAINT :226 (46.5%),

MID-RANGE: 277 (39.7%),

3-POINTERS: 289 (40.5%) =

These stats shows that Dragič offensive game is UNPREDICTABLE.

G.Dragič performance hot zones in NBA 2016/17 season. Interesting that he has beem struggling with shots from right side mid-range area compare to other areas of the court. Made FG% is much lower compare to other areas of the court where he takes shots. Since he is left-handed, statistics shows that he does not shoot well mid-range shots while taking last dribble with right hand..

goran dragic shooting percentage

G. Dragič shot distribution hot zones of 2016/17 NBA season.

lokacija metieniem

  • Great ability to create shot for himself.  372/534 (70%) of shots are unassisted. Lot of shots made off the dribble.

Assisted-unasssited

  • Uses STEP-BACK move very often.
  • Can cause a lot of problems for opposite team if gets into the paint! Often lands on 2 feet after driving into paint + PUMP FAKE/UP&UNDER moves.  SPIN MOVE+finishing spin move on 1 leg also often solution in 3-second area.
  • Tendency to find an open teammate in the last moment of his play.
  • Pick-and-roll. Lot of times do not wait for pick to be set and attacks effectively to defender who is anticipating pick to be set soon. (”bingo the pick”).
  • Knows how to show referee if he is fouled (or not)!

DRAGIČ IN SLOVENIAN OFFENSIVE SYSTEM

After all the missed and also most of made shots Dragič advances ball into a half court very quickly looking for open teammate ahead of him or driving into the lane.

If there is no opportunity to score on fast break, Slovenia team very often chose DOUBLE DRAG PICK-AND-ROLL as a option for TRANSITION.

SLO Double drag

Most of the time Slovenia half court sets are designed for Dragič (also often Dončič) to receive ball to play pick-and-roll if there is no other quick option to score. Dragič/Vidmar is probably the most effective PNR duo so far in this European championship.

  • Hand-off to pick-and-roll;
  • Downscreen to pick-and-roll;
  • After catching the pass from another perimeter player to pick-and-roll;
  • Big men (4-5) sets a screen to each another before setting a pick for Dragič.

Very often run set play usually for Dragič.

DOWN TO PNR DRAGIC 1

DOWN TO PNR DRAGIC 2

DOWN TO PNR DRAGIC 3

Another set play usually for Dragič to catch the ball and go to pick-and-roll action right after the ball is caught. The first action is usually for shooters but in this case (most of the time) it is like “fake” motion before pick-and-roll.

catch pnr dragic 1

catch pnr dragic 2

fake + pnr

Effective quick-hitter , often run for Dragič, but sometimes for another Slovenian players who can shoot 3-point shot with high %.

quick flare 3 SLO1

QUICK FLARE3 SLO 2

quick 3 veiksmigi

HOW TO LIMIT SLOVENIAN POINT GUARD EFFECTIVENESS?

  Unfortunately, I did not have enough time to watch all Eurobasket games I want but it is worth to watch today’s Slovenia – Ukraine game (79:55). After 5 amazing games in group stage, Dragič performance (2/12 FG, 5 Pts) was really bad compared to usual. Tired? Probably… But if team win by 24 points, I guess they give up too much by focusing on stopping Dragič.

  • Pick-and-roll defense. France most of the time defended PNR using “hard show & recover” strategy and sometimes “weak (right) & flat” (forcing Dragič to right hand since he is left-handed). Finland most of the time also tried to defend PNR with “show & recover” strategy. “hard show & recover”  was relatively successful in situations when screener’s defender was able to show hard. Most of the time there was some kind of action before actual PNR. Dragič few times after “show” dribbled twice and caught the ball looking for open teammates but most of the time defence was successful after his tendency to pick up the dribble that early.

vlcsnap-2017-09-09-06h03m31s746

vlcsnap-2017-09-09-06h03m47s590

vlcsnap-2017-09-09-06h34m39s566

  • Very often MIAMI HEAT PG do not wait for the screen actually been set but instead attack before (reject the screen).
  • DO NOT LET GET DRAGIČ DRIVE IN THE PAINT IN HIGH SPEED. Nothing good happens… Fouls, 2 points, drive-kick to open teammate. He has lot of great finishing moves.
  • OFFENSE: HIGH QUALITY SHOTS & REDUCE TURNOVERS. If there is a chance, there will be fast break.
  • MAKE HIM WORK HARD DEFENSIVELY. Often Dragič has tendency to turn the head away from his man only seeing the offensive player with ball.

As we can see after today’s game that not only stopping Dragič or having him bad shooting night (2/12) will always help team to win, Slovenia overall is great team without losses so far in this tournament, probably Ukraine was too much focusing on stopping him that other players like Dončič, Vidmar, as well Randolph and Blazič had more options offensively as usual. But anyway,  I am 100% sure, that there won’t be 2 games in a row like recent one for probably the most impressive basketball player this tournament so far!

Thanks for reading! 🙂

Kristians Broks

K.PORZINGIS IN LATVIA NT OFFENSIVE SYSTEM & TEAM SERBIA PICK-AND-ROLL SOLUTIONS AGAINST KP#6.

Hello! My name is Kristians, this is my first blog about the game of basketball.

In this article I want to have closer look on Latvia’s biggest basketball star Porzingis performance while the first time playing for Latvia NT.  How coach A. Bagatskis will fit him into our NT offensive system it will be interesting to see and what kind of solutions serbians for stopping him.

Anyway this is only 1 the first game in tournament (against Serbia) which I will have a closer look so there will be no absolutes but only first impressions.

Team LATVIA

  •       Fast paced and modern basketball
  •       Lot of three-point shots
  •       Not too much low post game/bigs have tendency to play far from the basket
  •       Most of the time 5 out offense with constant movement of the players.
  •       “European Golden State Warriors”.

Coach A. Bagatskis is trying to use Porzingis talent in similar way how NYK is doing. Trying to give him his usual shots what he has when playing for NBA team Knicks.

KRISTAPS PORZINGIS

SHOTS

KP shots

 

KP metieniLocation of shots: midrange 2/7, three-pointers 3/6, paint 2/3. 6 of 16 shots total from 3-point line (37.5%).

Last season in NBA for NYK 319 of total 1299 shots were 3-pointers (24%).

Type of shots: 4 off the dribble (all 1vs1 on perimeter), 4 of pick-roll or pick-pop situations, 8 (catch and shoot, catch square-couple fakes-shot).

Definitely KP is threat from 3-point line so this can effectively stretch the defense, pick-and-pop is good option after setting the ballscreen.

Suprise is that being 2.21m tall he shot only 3 of 16 shots from paint. This strategy could be explained with fact that he was most of the time defended by 2 tall and strong and experienced Serbian centers – Kuzmič (2.14 m/114kg) and Marjanovič (2.21m/132kg).

POSSESSIONS. CAN NOT BE WITHOUT A SHOT THAT LONG PERIOD OF TIME

Of 59 possessions of Latvia while Porzingis was in the game, he took a shot only 16 of them, total 27% (16/59). And there was period around 9 minutes long while he was on the court KP did not have any shot (0)…. 3rd quarter of the game he did not take any shot, 3 total in 2nd half. There is no doubt about it that Serbia did very good job of stopping KP, but world class NBA player to run 9 minutes without a shot…

Even he has a green light to shoot, sometimes lack of patience can hurt team. Porzingis are much better this year in the shot selection than last year’s NBA season! Young and amazing talent and it is hard to imagine how great he can be when more experienced!

OFFENSIVE REBOUNDING WHEN PORZINGIS TAKES A SHOT IS LESS EFFECTIVE

Interesting fact that after 9 missed shots by KP teammates grabbed  only 1 offensive rebound, so that could mean that if he takes shot outside of paint and it is missed shot, there will be less chance to get offensive rebound compare if another teammate takes a shot.  1/9 (11%)…

Let’s compare to other teammates. If any of rest of the team takes shot offensive rebound was grabbed 9 of 27 (33%) shot attempts. 1/9 (11%) vs 9/27 (33%) = huge difference.

This is no secret, that Latvia do not have impressive big men this tournament except KP, so this difference does not suprise me that much, especially that M.Meiers (Center) and Porzingis also did not play together at the same time.

 

POST UPS

  • 28:30 minutes – 0 post ups in low post. Serbia has tall, experienced and strong big men.
  • Strategy. 5 out = stretch the defense. To keep relatively slow Marjanovič outside of paint = opens up driving lines to basket for other teammates.
  • Most like he received the ball in the high post.

There was only few times during the game that Latvia play any set play to get the ball to Porzingis in the low post or high post. If X5 forces KP to baseline and X2 helps on baseline side, there is bigger chance for KP to receive the ball in the low post or even if the make mistake defensively easy lay-up. Serbian team forced KP middle and X2 bump him.

KP ISO pict 1

KP ISO pict 2

 

KP ISO pic 3

I think not posting up him that much this game clearly was the strategy and adaptation to Serbian roster. Against teams who has no that much tall big men I see him KP post up much much more often.

ROLL vs POP? PICK-AND-ROLL DEFENSE OF SERBIA

Pick-and-roll game is the big part of every team offensive system. PICK-AND-ROLL or PICK-AND-POP? Porzingis is well known as PICK-AND-POP player because of his great ability to shoot 3-point shots, especially if you are 2.21 m tall… It could be unstopabble weapon. Most of the pick-and-roll Porzingis POP, but sometimes he also ROLL to the basket, it depends on set play or in this case also on team strategy. I think option of SHORT ROLL could be considerable.

Both pick-and-roll and pick-and-pop game was struggling whole game mainly because of 3 reasons:

  • Before European championship Latvia NT had only 2 games in their best roster, players do not know each other that well.
  • Great pick-and-roll defense of Serbia team.
  • Starting PG Strelnieks did not have a good game + Blums/Porzingis, Skele/Porzingis pick-and-roll does not look too effective so far.

SERBIA PICK-AND-ROLL DEFENSE

  • Serbian strategy was to keep their tall, heavy and not that quick big men inside of three point-line.
  • PNR defensive coverage 90% of time when KP was involved was

1) MIDDLE PICK AND ROLL – PREVENT (force the ballhandler in a direction away from the screen), usually trying to send ball handler to the side of 2 defensive perimeter players.

2) SIDE PICK AND ROLL – ICE (no middle) + full rotation if necessary in case KP pop and slow bigs are late back.

MIDDLE PICK-AND-ROLL/POP coverage

PREVENT – force the ballhandler away from the screen. Serbian defenders ACTIVE HANDS disrupted the timing of point guard passes to KP and forced turnovers.

MIDDLE PNR 3 active hands

middle pnr body position

 

X1 forces ballhandler to the side where is 2 perimeter defenders, first line of help discourages shot and dribble penetration. X2 ready to stunt and recover in case ball is quickly delivered to KP.

MIDDLE PNR 1

 

middle pick and roll first line of help

 

This set play where Porzingis sets a screen in the middle of floor and after that rolls to the basket while O4 sets a backscreen for him was not effective this game.

Untitled

 

Untitled2

MIddle + backscreen bad pass

 

SIDE PICK-AND-ROLL/POP coverage

ICE (no middle) + rotation. Active/high hands of ballhandler’s defender.

SIDE PNR 1

 

SIDE PNR 2

dunno

 

Coverage for pick-and-roll on transition also was ICE, since the ball handler was near the sideline.

TRANSITION PNR 1

 

Overall Pick-and-Roll involved Porzingis was not too efective this game mainly because of significant amount of turnovers when ballhandlers tried to pass the ball to KP after he POP or ROLL. At least 5 turnovers while passing the ball while executing pick-and-roll is too much per one game. Mainly because of Serbian active hands and Latvian teammates lack of time to play together before European championship.

There are few examples:

Mistake PNR1

MISTAKE PNR 2

MISTAKE PNR 3

 

Of course this is just only one game in tournament, but these are the first impressions, I predict that KP will receive ball in the post more often and team chemistry will be much better!

Good luck Latvia in next games in European champioship!

Thanks for reading 🙂

Kristians Broks @ abouthegame.com